The kind of research paper you should not write

Below is an example of the kind of thing that ChatGPT can generate. It is well-written and usually correct but there are no in-depth analyses at all. A research paper should focus on one point or aspect and offer an in-depth analysis that reflects your personal synthesis of the way the historians you have read have approached this particular point.

How did Christians in North America justify slavery in the 18th century?

In the 18th century, many Christians in North America attempted to justify slavery using religious arguments. This was particularly true of white Protestant Christians in the southern United States, where the institution of slavery was deeply ingrained in the economy and culture of the region. While not all Christians in North America supported slavery, those who did often used religious texts and traditions to defend their position.

One of the most common justifications for slavery among Christians in North America was the idea that Black people were inferior to white people, both intellectually and morally. This idea was based on a particular interpretation of the Bible, which some Christians believed taught that Black people were the descendants of Ham, who had been cursed by God. As historian Mark Noll writes, “Many white American Christians of the eighteenth century believed that God had created an intellectual and moral hierarchy of races, with whites at the top and blacks at the bottom.”

Another argument used by Christian defenders of slavery was that it was a necessary evil, and that without it, the economy of the southern United States would collapse. This argument was based on the belief that the Bible allowed for the practice of slavery in certain circumstances, such as when a person had been captured in war. Supporters of slavery argued that because African slaves had been brought to the United States as part of the transatlantic slave trade, they were essentially prisoners of war and therefore subject to slavery.

Some Christians in North America also argued that slavery was a form of benevolent paternalism, in which slave owners took care of their slaves and provided them with the necessities of life. This argument was based on the idea that slaves were childlike and in need of guidance and supervision, and that slave owners were therefore acting in their best interests.

However, these justifications for slavery were deeply flawed and were ultimately unable to withstand the growing abolitionist movement of the 19th century. As historian Mark Noll notes, “While it is true that not all white American Christians supported slavery, those who did found it difficult to make a convincing case from the Bible.” The rise of abolitionist theology, which argued that slavery was a moral evil that violated the basic principles of Christianity, ultimately helped to bring an end to the practice of slavery in North America.

In conclusion, Christians in North America in the 18th century attempted to justify slavery using religious arguments such as the belief in the inferiority of Black people, the necessity of slavery for the economy, and the idea of benevolent paternalism. However, these arguments were deeply flawed and failed to stand up to the growing abolitionist movement. As Christians began to embrace abolitionist theology and recognize the moral evil of slavery, they helped to bring an end to this unjust and inhumane practice.


  • Noll, M. A. (2002). The Civil War as a theological crisis. The University of North Carolina Press.
  • Heyrman, C. L. (2005). Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. The University of North Carolina Press.
  • Kidd, T. S. (2016). American Christians and Islam: Evangelical Culture and Muslims from the Colonial Period to the Age of Terrorism. Princeton University Press.
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